For Pure Fishing Fun, go After Flounder!

A sharp tap telegraphed up the thin graphite rod then another. Was it a crab nibbling on my bait? Those pesky bottom-feeding crustaceans had annoyed me before. But this time I sensed something was different. There was a heavy “alive” feeling on the line that seemed a bit more serious than an annoying crab.

Becky Almy hoists a flounder at Chincoteague, Virginia.
Becky Almy hoists a flounder at Chincoteague, Virginia.

Instead of putting the reel on free-spool, though and feeding line, I simply held on. Dragging the unseen weight along, I waited a full 10 seconds, then began reeling hard, simultaneously raising the stiff rod hard upwards and back. Solid weight and heavy bucking was the response. I was hooked up with my first flounder of the day, and it was a dandy!

Five minutes later my fishing buddy hoisted the net under seven gorgeous pounds of brown and white flatfish. Not only was it a huge flounder that would provide many delicious meals, it would also qualify for a citation under Virginia’s saltwater fishing awards program for trophy-sized gamefish!

If there’s a finer way to spend a hot summer day than flounder fishing, I don’t know what it is. If you live anywhere near the East Coast or Gulf Coast there’s likely a good spot or two within driving distance where you can enjoy this relaxing yet exciting sport.

Then after you have a successful day and head home with a few tasty flounder in the cooler ready to be pan-fried or broiled in lemon and butter, you’ll experience the second reward this fish offers besides fun fishing—fabulous eating! Few fish can match the flounder for terrific taste and delicate texture with its flaky white meat.

Flounder can be caught with lures, but most anglers, including myself, usually use bait. In many areas minnows are the preferred offering. Mummichogs (killies) are favored along the Mid-Atlantic. In other areas silversides or other species get the nod. Whichever variety you use, keep them lively and fresh in a bait bucket, cooler or live well.

The saying, “big bait, big fish” doesn’t always hold true in angling, but flounder fishing is one case where it is valid. Minnows of 3- to 5 inches are best. You can back-hook them, but a better bet is to impale them through the tip of the lips from the bottom up.

But what if you don’t have minnows or don’t want to fool with them? A number of other baits also work well for flounder. One is a strip of flesh from a freshly-caught fish cut in a thin tapered triangle from 3- to 7 inches long. Hook this about a quarter- to half-inch in on the thick end of the taper.

A third bait option is a strip of squid cut in a long triangle shape. In some areas anglers like a small squid strip and a live minnow both on the same hook—dubbed the “Eastern Shore Sandwich.” Use size 1- to 2/0 hooks, either plain or with a strand of bucktail or synthetic hair tied on for extra bulk and flutter.

Terminal gear consists of an 18- to 24-inch piece of 10- to 20-pound mono leader tied to a three-way swivel. On another eye of the swivel, attach a 5- to 10-inch piece of similar line and a dipsey sinker of 1- to 5 ounces. The third eyelet is for the line from your rod. Use as little weight as possible to reach the bottom, depending on the depth, wind and current you encounter.

Fishing for flounder makes for a great family outing.
Fishing for flounder makes for a great family outing.

Spinning or baitcast gear works fine. Rods should measure 6- to 7 ½ feet and have some backbone, but a fairly flexible tip.

To locate fish, check with locals, marinas, fishing reports online, and outdoor columns in newspapers to find out where flounder have been concentrated lately. Then when you’re out on the water, watch where most of the boats are drifting. That’s likely where the fish are concentrated, though you can certainly explore and try to find your own hotspots.

In some areas anglers troll for flounders or cast and retrieve. Generally, though, drifting over and over through prime spots along flats, channel edges, creek bends, and drop-offs is the best way to go. Slack tide is almost always the poorest time. You need some movement to pull the baits along behind the boat.

When a fish strikes, many people feed line while others immediately set the hook. I’ve found the best approach is to simply pull the fish along for a short ways as it munches on the fish strip or minnow. That’s the tactic that produced that whopper flatfish described earlier.

How long to wait before setting the hook is an open question. You’ll soon get an instinctive feel for when the fish has the bait firmly. Then it’s time to set up by reeling quickly and lifting the rod tip sharply. It can be just a few seconds or up to half-minute if a fish is nibbling tentatively or the bait is particularly large.

Once you set up, the fun begins–or rather the first part of the fun. The second part begins when you slip the fillets of that fish into a pan of butter, olive oil and garlic, and then sprinkle on a dash of fresh lemon juice.


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