Hunter with turkey decoys

Advanced Spring Turkey Hunting Tips

Outdoorsmen who have dedicated their lives to hunting a particular species always seem filled with hard-won wisdom and tactics that come with such singular, laser focus. And when it comes to spring turkey hunting, Steve Hickoff is one of the undisputed gurus.

Hickoff, 57, is Realtree’s online Turkey Hunting Editor, and current Turkey Calls columnist for the NWTF’s Turkey Country magazine. He’s been hunting the majestic birds since he was an impressionable 12-year-old back in 1971, in his native Pennsylvania. Now hailing from Maine, Hickoff chases turkeys an amazing six to eight months per year, and over the years has hunted them in more than half the U.S. states, as well as Mexico. He can’t remember how many turkeys he has bagged.

“I don’t keep track of the count because I’m hunting them in multiple states in the spring, fall, and winter, and then with guiding people, putting them on birds, and passing on some birds—those scenarios can be just as much fun,” Hickoff said.

Q. Carrying more or less calls—which is the better approach?

A. Just in terms of calling, a lot of guys will talk about going out only with mouth calls. I just love calls of all types, and I like to travel with everything. I’ll carry multiple boxes, slates, scratch boxes, the whole gamut. And then, what I tend to do, and it might be a byproduct of my fall hunting [where lots of calling can be critical], I’ll use a variety of calls at the setup. I’ll run a box while I’m using a mouth call, to sound like multiple turkeys. I like to err on the side of, if you sound like multiple turkeys you might sound more appealing to a gobbler. They’re just like us, they’re wondering if there might be a party going on somewhere. I’m not saying I call constantly; sometimes silence is better.

Q. I grew up hearing advice that included picking a specific call cadence and sticking with it: Every 10 minutes, every 15. Good advice?

A. I got the same advice when I started, but each bird is different. I never follow any scripts like that, I lean more toward being more aggressive than quiet. Turkeys talk all the time; I guess I’m aggressive because with gobblers, he might come hard, he might come in very slowly. That interaction is what makes it fun. What a tom really wants is for you to go to him—but the whole thing is interaction. My dad once told me, if a bird is hammering hard and suddenly shuts up, get ready because he’s coming. And a lot of the time, that’s what is happening.

Q. What is your favorite two-hour window for closing the deal on a spring gobbler?

A. I would say it’s from 10 a.m. to noon, for a lot of reasons. I am a huge fan of “waiting out” the local hunting pressure. I know some guys are going to be out there at 3 a.m., owl hooting, locating, then hunting hard till 7 or 8 a.m., but then you will find that a lot of those guys experience some burn-out. They might head to breakfast. And then by 9, 9:30 or 10 a.m., you might have the woods to yourself, and you will run into gobblers that have been hammering out calls and looking hard for hens for a while—which can lead to some truly incredible hunts.

Q. What’s an example of something you’ve learned while hunting all the different turkey sub-species?

A. A good example might be how I handle hunting the roost areas. For Easterns, and Osceolas, I hunt the roost very differently than for Merriams and Rios. In the East, the habitat is such that those birds stay in a relatively tight area, especially in the spring. You can set up near the roost before dawn, and either tree-call or wait for them to fly down. Out west for Merriams and Rios, if you don’t get them on the roost, you had better get your walking shoes on, and hustle to get ahead of them, because those birds can move a long distance from the roost to where they want to be—they just travel a lot. Those birds are going to fly down and get together and move, and they might be moving a half-mile, mile away, maybe to water or food, a distant oak motte.

Q. In your opinion what is the most underutilized turkey vocalization when calling spring toms?

A. I would say gobbler yelping to call in gobblers. The gobbler yelp is distinctly different from a hen yelp; it’s a three-note, raspy deal. It’s a slower, deeper, coarser yelp: Yawp-Yawp-Yawp. To mimic it I like to use a slate or a box, but you can also do it with a mouth call. So why the gobbler yelp? Gobblers communicate with each other all the time; it’s the way they talk to each other. Gobblers like to check each other out, they like to fight each other. In the fall, when we scatter a longbeard flock, or some jakes, it might take several hours for them to return, but they usually come in gobbler yelping. Then it seems like when they get back together they’ll immediately begin fighting, almost as if they feel a need to reestablish dominance within the flock. In the spring a gobbler yelp can mean, ‘who is out there?,’ and maybe, ‘what are you doing in my territory?’

Q. Say you’re hunting a field edge and a gobbler pops out 70 yards away, looks at your decoy setup and pauses, then ducks back in the woods. Do you follow? And if so, what setup do you look for once inside the woods?

A. I tend to be a more-aggressive hunter so yes I will follow that tom. I’ll head over there and try to get ahead of that bird, and I’ll be looking for a spot where if I set up and he comes directly to me, when he appears, he’ll be in range and I can kill him. In other words, he kind of got a little sketchy when he popped out 70 yards away, so I’m going to get where if I can see him, I can kill him.

Q. What is your opinion of the “Fanning” technique for hunting spring gobblers?

A. I’ve done a lot of writing on it; I’m not adverse to the activity in a safe situation, but do I think it’s a different hunt than calling birds? Yes. And have I, over the years, used tactics like that? Yes. What concerns me, on a personal level, is that some turkey hunters are getting away from the true essence of the hunt, which is calling turkeys. But I’m all for it if it’s legal, and it’s not legal everywhere. In Pennsylvania, you must bag a turkey by calling only.

Q. One more scenario. Say you’ve been calling for a while and a gobbler appears well out of range. Do you continue to call?

A. If I have some decoys out, I will probably keeping calling. If not, I probably won’t. Once he appears, I like that “tension” of him looking for me. If he comes out at 70 yards, he might pop up into strut, and you probably don’t want to acknowledge him with calls because he might not come any closer. If I have decoys out, I’m hoping he doesn’t see them. And if he doesn’t come closer, I might let him walk so he’s no longer in sight, and try calling him in again. I think guys are too fixated on killing a bird rather than hunting a bird. I might let that bird walk, and hook around him and start calling again, and he might come in again. He came to the call once, he’ll likely do it again. But sometimes all that activity calls in another hen, and you can’t beat that competition, and that’s just the way it is. But you’re never done. If you don’t kill a bird and it walks off, my advice is don’t give up.

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8 Responses to “Advanced Spring Turkey Hunting Tips”

  1. Bob

    I am a struggling self taught turkey hunter and have only had limited success. I never knew about the ability to use a box call to Yelp like a gobbler. I will have to practice that. It’s the spring season now in Ohio and so far I have called in a hen the first time out and had a gobbler respond to my calls but I could not draw him in. I too have had the best luck between 10am and noon. Thanks for the article I’m confident these tips will help me this season.

    • Jason Gray

      Dear Bob,
      I read your new to turkey hunting. I`d love to share some tactic with you. I`m from Northwest Pennsylvania, and we have a lot of educated smart longbeards here. My first recommendation is you scout your area prior to your hunt. Look for dusting sites, and strut zones. You`ll find those on open high ridges, and on log roads. The area will be opened up in the dirt, and you`ll notice the tracks in it, and some lines,which are of course primary feathers dragging on the ground while he struts. Use owl hooters, and crow calls. Actually try anything..a goose call, pileated woodpecker, or a hawk screamer. I`ve even walked in my area into a deep hollow where the sounds carries great, and just let out a sharp short bursting scream like a bobcat! What ever you do though scouting..DO NOT use a turkey call, unless it`s the night before your actual hunt. Then using your box, friction , or mouthcall of your choice, you can do a flyup cackle to him sounding like a hen, or use multiple calls at the same time to sound like numerous hens going to roost. Or, another good trick is to slap your hat on your leg to sound like wings. In the morning hat sometimes is all you have to do to get a bird`s attention. Then , if he gobbles his head off, great! PLEASE! Just sit there and let him gobble his fool head off! He`s begging you to come to him. If you call to him on the roost, you` ll just make him stay up there, and strut back andforth. Don`t be afraid to get as close to him in the dark as close as you can possibly set. I like to get about 80 yds from him if I can get away with it. Just yelp to him three timesbarely audible. believe me friend, he WILLhearit! Like I say though..don`t give him much calling at all. Put at least a couple hen decoys up in your setup. Most birds have to actually see to believe and fully commit to you. Just PLEASE…if you use decoys…be careful! Always set up against a tree wider than your shoulders. That way, if another hunter comes in behind you , you won`tget shot from behind. It also breaks up your out line better. A good early morning tip is take your hat and flap it against your leg. It sounds like wings, and youcan actually kill a turkey with just that. Yeah…sometimes that all ya have to do is that. That`s one of my favorite tactics. And, get as many calls as you can get , and practice, practice , practice! Good Luck this spring, and please hunt safely!

  2. Brian Cornellier

    I was teaching my 12 year old son proper mouth calls, box calls, and slate purrs just inside a field edge in Greenfeild NH and called in several birds unknowingly, then encountered the bird of the day, he came in full strut and looking for us, as big as a wood stove. My son was amazed at the size, got buck fever and the bird busted him. The best encounter due to over calling I have ever witnessed, the following year my son scored on his first bird. He is in college now, what a great memory. That is why I am hooked! Thanks for all you do, keep it coming!

    • Jonny

      Some nice turkey hunting tactics here!

      I personally don’t like to keep calling when I have spotted a turkey and they are well out of range either, I just call a few times then remain patient if I have decoys out as you mentioned.

  3. Harold Bryan

    If your ever in Northern California , would it be ok for me to watch what you do? My Dad died from getting blown up in WW II. The shrapnel stuck in his spine they didn’t want to take out caused cancer. I was 2 weeks from being 4. I don’t learn well by reading and I have read a lot. I learn better by watching. I didn’t have any male figures in my life to teach me how to hunt and I especially want to hunt turkeys. No sob story, just the truth and I would be grateful to put you up at my home and cook you whatever you would like to eat free in exchange for letting me watch you. I spent some time in the service as an MP and then was in Law Enforcementso I know the importance of being quit and still. I would be very grateful if your in the area. To let me go with you even if you want me to leave my gun at home and just watch and study. Thanks for your consideration Sir.

    • safedoom

      We share the same story but indifferent locations. I must agree that growing without a Dad puts one in an awkward position since you have no one to learn from

  4. Helen @UmbrellaWiki

    I love your post you have shared here on your site. I would like to share it with my friends on all my social media accounts. Thanks for writing such an informative content.

  5. Rod Bailey

    Well written article. Two bits of advice, upon reflection, stood out for me.

    The first is he advice your father gave you. If the gobbler suddenly stops gobbling, get ready he may pop up on you just as you have given up thinking he was no longer interested.
    The second is the 10:00 to noon advice. I do believe if you can stick it out pass the noon hour, you can get the bird spooked by other hunters leaving the woods.
    I will try to remember tips from your article this coming turkey season and hope to let you know if your advice pays off.