Bowhunting Travel Routes For Turkeys

Forget hunting the roost. In many areas, daily travel patterns offer remarkably consistent ambush points; here’s how to use them to taste spring success.

Since I’d been on plenty of turkey hunts that were measured in agonizingly slow days and plenty of unremarkable blind hours logged, a recent spring hunt in South Dakota was a refreshing change. It all began with a long drive over from Minnesota and a few short hours of shuteye, but before you knew it my hunting bud Tom and me were erecting the Primos Double Bull blind in darkness, in a harvested field we’d been tipped was holding birds regularly the past few mornings. You’ve gotta love solid “insider” intel from a good local friend.

The author says hunting turkey travel patters is one of the best ways to ambush a spring gobbler.
The author says hunting predictable turkey travel patterns is one of the best ways to ambush a spring gobbler.

I’d won the coin flip so Tom was doing the calling; shortly after shooting light, a few seductive yelps was all it took before two hens suddenly appeared on the scene dragging a fine Merriam’s tom in full strut—complete with big, beautiful, white-tipped fan. By the time the chip-shot 10-yard shot struck home, barely 20 minutes had passed since first light. The two of us had driven some seven hours the previous evening to arrive at our camping spot well after midnight, and now, not even an hour into our hunt, we’d savored the sweet taste of success.

If my recent spring experience taught me anything, it’s that hunting predictable turkey travel patterns is one of the very best ways to ambush a spring gobbler. Unlike deer, turkeys are much less predictable while traveling from Point A to Point B. A turkey, for instance, will just as soon walk straight across an open field than hug the edge cover around it—like most wary deer certainly would—yet turkeys can probably be counted on more than deer when it comes to arriving during a predictable time slot at a favorite, specific location along their daily travel routes. In certain areas, they are truly creatures of habit.

The wide-open, largely treeless South Dakota habitat seems to produce unusually consistent turkey travel patterns. The remote, unpressured terrain is one factor, and so is the fact that the state’s turkeys seem to roost, strut, and feed in the same spots, month to month and even year over year—maybe as a result of that low hunting pressure.

Conversely, central Pennsylvania’s Matt Morrett, a five-time World Turkey Calling Champion, knows that hunting turkey travel routes in his thickly wooded state can be a crap shoot. He uses other keys to ambush them consistently.

“Honestly, I don’t think a turkey is predictable,” he says. “Turkeys where I live cover a big area, and don’t necessarily roost in the same area each night. What we do know is that they’re going to roost at night, and they’re going to go to water, and use some type of dusting area. What their unpredictability has taught me is to consider the phase of the season. It’s kind of mountainous around here, and it greens up low first, in the foothills. In March and April, the turkeys are down low, and they get higher as the season progresses.

The author with a nice Tom.
The author with a nice Tom.

“We call it ‘spring green up’—there’s more nutrition down there early, the turkeys are eating roots and tubers. They’ll eat just about anything that time of year. But the food source that we really pray for is when the grasshoppers start coming out. That’s just a wild guess, but turkeys seem to love them.”

Morrett, who hunts several states, agrees that turkeys in Kansas, Northern Missouri and Iowa seem easier to pattern, but there are some little-known secrets that work wherever they are found.

“I think one of the biggest keys we forget about is water—we think about it out West while hunting elk, but turkeys need water, too. Usually, they’ll water right away in the morning, and they seem to head to water two or three times per day.”

Morrett said water is especially key in states with more arid climes, such as Texas. But drought conditions anywhere make water critical.

“Hunting near water is just a great strategy, especially when the gobbling action slows down—usually after about 10 a.m. or so. Then you’ve got a trump card that most hunters don’t play.”

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